World's Worst Cultural Mistakes
Donít let blowing your nose or taking off your shoes land you in hot water when you travel
By Sallie Brady
Where Itís Offensive: Korea, Thailand, China, Europe, the Middle East.
Whatís Offensive: Personal space varies as you travel the globe. In Mediterranean countries, if you refrain from touching someoneís arm when talking to them or if you donít greet them with kisses or a warm embrace, youíll be considered cold. But backslap someone who isnít a family member or a good friend in Korea, and youíll make them uncomfortable. In Thailand, the head is considered sacred ó never even pat a child on the head.
What You Should Do Instead: Observe what locals are doing and follow suit. In Eastern countries remember that touching and public displays of affection are unacceptable. In places like Qatar and Saudi Arabia, men and women are forbidden from interacting, let along touching.
Knowing Your Right from Your Left
Where Itís Offensive: India, Morocco, Africa, the Middle East.
Whatís Offensive: Many cultures still prefer to eat using traditional methods ó their hands. In these cases, food is often offered communally, which is why itís important to wash your hands before eating and observe the right-hand-is-for-eating and the left-hand-is-for-other-duties rule. If you eat with your left hand, expect your fellow diners to be mortified. And when partaking from a communal bowl, stick to a portion thatís closest to you. Do not get greedy and plunge your hand into the center.
What You Should Do Instead: Left-handed? Attempt to be ambidextrous ó even children who are left-handed in these cultures are taught to eat with their right hand ó or at least explain yourself to your fellow diners before plunging in.
Keeping Your Clothes On
Where Itís Offensive: Scandinavian countries, Turkey.
Whatís Offensive: Wearing bathing suits, shorts and T-shirts, underwear, or any other piece of clothing into a sauna, hammam, or other place of physical purification. In some cultures, a steam room or a sauna is considered a place of purity and reflection, where the outside world (i.e., your clothes) should be left outside. In some Scandinavian countries itís common for entire families to sauna together in the nude.
What You Should Do Instead: Sitting on a folded towel is considered acceptable. If youíre too modest to appear naked, strip down, but wrap yourself in a towel.
Getting Lei'd Off
Where Itís Offensive: Hawaii.
Whatís Offensive: Refusing or immediately removing a lei.
What You Should Do Instead: Leis in the Hawaiian Islands arenít just pretty floral necklaces that you get when you check into your hotel or show up at a luau. Theyíre a centuries-old cultural symbol of welcome, friendship, and appreciation. Never refuse a lei ó itís considered highly disrespectful ó or whip it off in the giverís presence. If youíre allergic to the flowers, explain so, but offer to put it in some place of honor, say in the center of the table, or on a statue. Note that closed leis should be worn not hanging from the neck, but over the shoulder, with half draped down your chest and the other half down your back.
Looking Them in the Eye Ö or Not
Where Itís Offensive: Korea, Japan, Germany.
Whatís Offensive: For Americans, not making direct eye contact can be considered rude, indifferent, or weak, but be careful how long you hold someoneís gaze in other countries. In some Asian nations, prolonged eye contact will make a local uncomfortable, so donít be offended if youíre negotiating a deal with someone who wonít look you straight in the eye. If toasting with friends in a German beer hall, your eyes had better meet theirs ó if they donít, a German superstition says youíre both in for seven years of bad luck in the bedroom.
What You Should Do Instead: Avoid constant staring and follow the behavior of your host ó and by all means, look those Germans straight on.
Drinking Alcohol the Wrong Way
Where Itís Offensive: Latin America, France, Korea, Russia.
Whatís Offensive: Every culture has different traditions when it comes to drinking etiquette. Fail to consume a vodka shot in one gulp in Russia, and your host will not be impressed. Refill your own wine glass in France without offering more to the rest of the table, and youíve made a faux pas. In Korea, women can pour only menís drinks ó not other womenís ó and if you want a refill, you need to drain your glass. And if youíre in Latin America, never pour with your left hand ó thatís bad luck.
What You Should Do Instead: Until youíre culturally fluent, leave it to your pals to pour.
Blowing Your Nose
Where Itís Offensive: Japan, China, Saudi Arabia, France.
Whatís Offensive: Some cultures find it disgusting to blow your nose in public ó especially at the table. The Japanese and Chinese are also repelled by the idea of a handkerchief. As Mark McCrum points out in his book Going Dutch in Beijing, the Japanese word hanakuso unpleasantly means nose waste.
What You Should Do Instead: If traveling through Eastern and Asian countries, leave the hankies at home and opt for disposable tissues instead. In France as well as in Eastern countries, if youíre dining and need to clear your nasal passages, excuse yourself and head to the restroom. Worst-case scenario: make an exaggerated effort to steer away from the table. Letís hope you donít have a cold.
Removing Your ShoesÖor Not
Where Itís Offensive: Hawaii, the South Pacific, Korea, China, Thailand.
Whatís Offensive: Take off your shoes when arriving at the door of a London dinner party and the hostess will find you uncivilized, but fail to remove your shoes before entering a home in Asia, Hawaii, or the Pacific Islands and youíll be considered disrespectful. Not only does shoe removal very practically keeps sand and dirt out of the house, itís a sign of leaving the outside world behind.
What You Should Do Instead: If you see a row of shoes at the door, start undoing your laces. If not, keep the shoes on.
Talking Over Dinner
Where Itís Offensive: Africa, Japan, Thailand, China, Finland.
Whatís Offensive: In some countries, like China, Japan, and some African nations, the foodís the thing, so donít start chatting about your dayís adventures while everyone else is digging into dinner. Youíll likely be met with silenceónot because your group is unfriendly, but because mealtimes are for eating, not talking. Also avoid conversations in places a country might consider sacred or reflectiveóchurches in Europe, temples in Thailand, and saunas in Finland.
What You Should Do Instead: Keep quiet!
Where Itís Offensive: Hawaii, Russia, France, Italy, around the globe.
Whatís Offensive: Honk on Molokai or fail to pay a police officer a fine, a.k.a. bribe, on the spot when youíre stopped for speeding in Russia, and youíll risk everything from scorn to prison time. Remember, too, that hand gestures have different meanings in other countries ó a simple ďthumbs-upĒ is interpreted as an ďup yoursď in parts of the Middle East.
What You Should Do Instead: When driving abroad, make sure you have an international driverís license; never, ever practice road rage; and keep your hands on the wheel.